Degenerative bone disease is also known as osteoporosis and is fairly common. It affects both genders though it is extremely prevalent in women. It makes the bones brittle and weak and the smallest fractures can lead to advancement of the disease. Some of the tissues affected in this case include the underlying subchondral bone and cartilage. Degenerative bone disease can be divided into three main categories and these are as highlighted below.
The first, which is also the mildest, is known to cause enlargement of the finger joints. In this case, the fingers are known to become bony and the fingers end up having a swollen look
The second type is known to affect the spine especially the neck and low-mid back regions.
The third type affects weigh bearing joints. It mostly affects the knees though the hips are also affected with time.
The symptoms of osteoarthritis can be severe and especially when it affects the knees and hips. Those suffering from this disease often complain of excess pain in the joints though the severity varies from one individual to another. The affected joints also get stiff, unsteady and when a weight is placed on them, they have a sensation. In addition to this, depending on how severe the condition is, one might experience feelings of locking or grinding in the joints.
Risk Factors and Causes of Degenerative Joint Disease
Degenerative joint disease affects people from different races and geographic regions regardless of their age. While this is the case, it is ideal to note that the symptoms become more pronounced with age. There are a couple of factors known to cause the disease and these include injurirs, hereditary factors and fractures that might occur around the joint surface. Osteoarthritis may also be as a result of a secondary injury caused by fractures, overuse of a joint or repetitive injury. There are other instances when it might be as a result of gout or other crystalline joint disease. Being overweight or obese can also be a contributing factor of degenerative bone disease. This is however common among females.
Several tests can carried out to diagnose osteoarthritis. While this is the case the primary technique used to carry out tests includes dual energy X-ray absorptiometry and DEXA. These techniques can be used effectively to detect your bones density and especially in the susceptible regions. In other cases, CT scans and ultra sound can be used to determine a diagnosis.
While degenerative bone disease causes serious damage to the body, there are a couple of ways through which it can be treated. However, it is important to note that treatment is influenced by different factors such as the patient’s age, medical condition, x-ray findings and activities. Patients suffering from moderate degenerative bone disease can benefit from exercise programs supervised by professionals.
There are other non impact activities that also come in handy towards treating degenerative bone disease and these include cycling, walking and swimming. In cases where a younger person is suffering from the condition, it is advisable to do physical activity for the purpose of strengthening the tendons, muscles and ligaments that surround the affected joints.